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(Author A. Trubachev)

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Theory of the point of Internal Morality

Rain throws porthole slanting streams of water through the glass vague outlines of standing in line to take off the adjacent planes. Moscow traffic jams get to the airport, and we stand in a queue to take off in the wake of a long line of aircraft, our flight was delayed in Novosib have at least one and a half hours ... front - at least four hours of enforced idleness, so I thought that it is on the way to Novosib I will have a great opportunity to return to the subject, who was born in the Caucasus this summer in philosophical dialogue on universal values and sense of climbing.

At the beginning of this essay, I want to clarify that the term climbing I will use here in a rather broad sense - in this context it is in any case not a sport, not a competition, is not extreme and romance of camp life. Here, the word actually meant climbing climb to the top, stay in the mountains associated with any physical activity - hiking in the mountains - what is now called the English term tracking. It is important that the person gets into the atmosphere, unusual for themselves, to have to endure the hardships and overcome obstacles, not inherent in the ordinary, everyday life.

Why do people go to the mountains

All this he does not for a clear consumer need, and to achieve the abstract, ephemeral, self-goal. The processes involved in this occupation, affect not only the physical human mechanisms, but also affect his moral and psychological attitudes. The man first came to the mountains, experiencing stress, globally affecting all parts of his body.

The question of the existence of a psychological mechanism that pulls man into the mountains, we began to discuss this summer Kiruha Petrov. Fulfilling duties mountain guides we worked first on Elbrus - the highest peak of our continent. Then I have taken away Contents outline the theory in Bezengi on Dykh Tau. Dykh Tau - the second highest peak in Europe, five thousand meters, the most complicated legendary peak in the Caucasus. On Dyhe we worked in tandem with a strong climber Sergei Nefyodov St. Petersburg. Since the question interested both of us, the idea of TVN found its development - in his spare time on the route we lively conversation on the topic of moral and psychological aspects of climbing, trying to understand the motivations and internal aspects of the class, making it something more than a sport or leisure .

Why do people go to the mountains

The alpinism nowadays is different from climbing past? What is the legacy left to us by the great achievements of previous generations of climbers? From what we can now easily give up, both on the remnants of the past? These remnants will go along with the previous generation of climbers and will not come back. And something subtly elusive lose can not be without it lost all sense of climbing to the top, they will turn into the lot of thugs and fans pogadit in nature ...

Mountaineering changes. This process is inevitable, like any development, maturation. It depends on us, because of accumulated over a couple of centuries, we will keep and leave yourself as the basis for this activity.

I still do not give rest to the idea of what is still motivated by these people: an Englishman Kokkini - the Caucasus all the most difficult mountains have been passed to them, long before the progress intervened in matters of safety and comfort gorovoskhozhdeniya.

Why do people go to the mountains

Italian Carrel - phenomenally strong climber and guide, in the 19th century the whole of Europe with their stunning daring ascents in the Alps, and died of exhaustion on the slopes after an extremely difficult climb of the Matterhorn.

The 20th century, a series of rock climbing, which can hardly be called otherwise than exploits, continued their legendary Soviet mountaineers Abalakov, Myshlyaev, Hergiani .... You can transfer and more, but I am not writing an anthology of the history of mountaineering. I'm trying to express my thoughts on what seems to me the most elusive, but also the most valuable in mountaineering. What makes these people similar to the ancient Titans on the hardness of the spirit and strength of will. Because without these qualities, it was impossible to commit the acts of which they made famous.

If we are not and we shall understand sberezhёm these qualities - they cover a wave of entertainment mountaineering, pacifiers entertainment consumers. This product sells well, so there is a risk in the flow of customers to lose what makes us individuals that ennobles and disinfects consciousness, what makes us human.

Why do people go to the mountains

The reasoning on this subject has led us to the theory of the point of the inner morality. For brevity, in what follows, repeating this term, I will just write TVN, I hope you will not forget what it means. So, what TBH and how it relates to the movement of the body vertical.

Theoretically, within each of us there is a device for the determination and recognition of good and evil. It is an innate quality inherent in every sentient being. Maybe it is the conscience, and can be - the soul, one with an accuracy of these concepts are not defined, and did not name the body responsible for their development. So even in this case will TVN - sounds scientific.

We assume that TVN is to have everyone, but no one understood how to use this property. What happens to TVN in our complicated, and frankly, not very positive daily life? The flow of information, which we passed through a daily, leaves a black precipitate a need to separate good from evil, right from wrong is lost in the hectic and continuous struggle (bickering) for existence.

Why do people go to the mountains

And our TVN swims this household sludge loses its mobility - why should she bother and worry. We forget about this ability, gradually losing it with the zest for life, conscience, natural ability to enjoy simple things. By the way, here, perhaps, grow legs in such vices as alcoholism and drug addiction - people reflexively trying to somehow get out, get rid of this swamp. But it falls into the swamp even more worse.

For the modern man the constant presence in society dictates the conditions peculiar behavior. Meanness, cruelty and paranoia: universal wave has covered Russia, the political situation only exacerbates the processes that lead to the loss of the simple qualities which are peculiar to the nature of the people. In each of us there are, the mechanism responsible for the conditional recognition of good and evil is not only in their own interests, but also in relation to the other, in relation to society.

Why do people go to the mountains

However, the use of this mechanism in the current environment is not always possible due to the features of the reality that we have created for themselves. Not naёbesh - can not survive, simple everyday rule, the law of the jungle. And if we imagine a different reality? For example one in which we really need each other, where the success, security and life itself of each of us fully dependent on the support and assistance of others? For example let us imagine that in this abstract reality that there is no shortage of space, which makes us, at best, mindless robots in our everyday life ?! What happens then? More than once I noticed what happens to people in the mountains, like me, these people are opened and cleaned. Why so? This is where the theory originates TVN. From the forced social hibernation comes out the same inner quality, responsible for committing acts. Lost inner balance, which is not really a balance, but simply callous feelings, blunting of emotions.

Why do people go to the mountains

In unusual conditions for themselves a person starts to do things, not typical for him in everyday life. Sometimes these actions, he surprises himself. What is the result of the exit from hibernation, unbalancing feelings? Each in its own way. Someone finds a meanness, some vice versa.

Someone suddenly appreciate the selfless assistance of a stranger, someone throws a friend in trouble. Not important qualitative assessment of the act, the important fact of its commission. Something inside is out of balance, it came loose. In this swing a person feels discomfort. This is a chance to change, a stimulus and criterion of correctness.

Mountaineering - philosophical activity. The goal that people set themselves, bears no practical value. This is an abstract goal that man sets himself not to get in return something almost useful. This activation of the processes associated with the internal focus on success in the solution of practical problems associated with the achievement of the abstract result.

Why do people go to the mountains

This is an opportunity to discover in themselves the qualities that we rarely or never use in our everyday life. This is the TVN - the center of our consciousness of individuality, exceptional value for the world and originality. This intersection of our personal interests with the interests of society, it is the balance point between the nobility and baseness.


Climbing does not make good people from the bad, does not make the villains in the noble knights. But this activity is open to us the qualities that are difficult to detect, doing jogging or tennis, swimming or car travel. And it's not that there are better or worse - in any class have their positive qualities. But the question of why people go to the mountains, that they pull back again, even if they did not like it the first time, I think that, at least for myself, I replied. The movement of the point of internal morality, even the very fact of its discovery for anyone it is a process that elevates it above the ordinary state, internally enriched. And people reflexively seeks to relive this experience, to add in something, in some way to fix it.

Why do people go to the mountains

Let us, for clarity, we will try to draw some scenarios, which can develop in a person's life, first came to the mountains.

For example, out of curiosity or in the pursuit of new emotions a person takes a step towards the unknown, but attractive world of mountain peaks. Why would he do that? It is unlikely that at this stage the person realizes the seriousness of such a step. Just a sense of adventure, romance, something new. Then disappointment comes. It turns out, in the mountains it's not like in the movies or on pictures. It turns out that there have to carry a heavy backpack, get wet in the rain, do not know to eat than a suspicious package, suffer from lack of basic living conditions. And the man says to himself - neeeeet !, the more you do not lure me here, for any price, in any mountain I any more-but-goy! He waits patiently for the end of the campaign, returns home, handing out to friends and unnecessary snaryagu more strongly suspects that he was infected. Infected with a disease that in six months will make him sad to review photos with the summer season, remember the gloomy rainy mountains, and strange, but with an incomprehensible nostalgia retrieve the little things that inexplicably remain in memory.

Why do people go to the mountains

And, with a certain distance in time, it is better seems to him that it was cramped and cold in the tent, but somehow in his own cozy, that backpack was certainly hard, but what a blessing it was to lose it at the end of the day in the camp ... And so in everything. And then the man finds himself thinking that his friends in the next season again ... go to the mountains, and you can ask snaryagu back, because the guys will understand.

Or in another way. Everything was good and the weather and with a backpack - it simply did not have to bear because he was riding on a donkey under its own power. And fed passable - chef conjures every day something new, even to eat could not squatting in cramped tent, and in the spacious kitchen tent, sitting comfortably on a folding, but all the same chair. But it was somehow not so disturbing vague feeling rose inside of consciousness and created discomfort in this world cold radiant heights. World mountain crushed and dejected your Majesty. "It definitely was a good experience, but I was more into the mountains not entice" - the man thought. This person never went to the mountains, but in difficult times it is from them came the force, which did not have a difficult time. At this very moment, suddenly there were some doubts and hesitations, and the man was surprised to find the ability to see things from an unusual point of view ....

Why do people go to the mountains

And sometimes all it's much easier - very simple scenario, when people come to the right company, gets a new hobby - such as mountain climbing is cool! Fun, active and non-standard conducted by holiday or vacation will present experiences for the year ahead, and there will be no doubt that the next season will again be an adventure in the mountains. The realization that there was something more serious than just a cool pohodik, come in if there will be something unsettling. And if everything goes easily and smoothly - or may not be any strange sensations ... But anyway, sooner or later, thought-provoking mountain and raise the question - why?

These considerations need then to try to get closer to the idea that regardless of future events, the mountains give a person something that can later be changed as the man himself, and his subsequent life.

Why do people go to the mountains

And what would be the top we did not go up, regardless of the level of complexity and motivation of climbing, it is the main, the most profound and important process that occurs in the human mind, is the elimination of the usual stable state of the mechanism that we have called TVN - point inner Morality. And due to this mechanism, created by the very thin invisible bond, which binds man to the mountains and unconsciously changing yourself internally, it becomes dependent on the experiences and emotions once experienced.


Why do people go to the mountains

To summarize, the benefit of the aircraft has already successfully gone on landing. I do not agree with Vladimir Vysotsky - "Man in the Mountain Tang, take a chance ... and if something goes wrong - chase .." ... There are no good men or bad. There is a set of individuals. With all our set, each of us is unique, in that unique - the great mystery of the world. And rising to the top, overcoming trials, sometimes even risking their lives, we are able to experience and feel the unique, to feel their own value to this world and its harmony with it.

So I determined that the most important thing to highlight in this issue. That in mountaineering, especially in our, Russian, with all its history, we have the most gentle way to store and protect from becoming a leisure or competitive sport.

This summer, on the background of snow-capped mountain peaks and shining ultramarine sky, the vast alpine meadows, where each step knocks flowers on the trail crystal dewdrops, we made an attempt to answer the eternal question - why are we here, what draws a person into the mountains, and how to explain this freaky little dependence on the regular travel in the skies.

Why do people go to the mountains

Old and rhetorical question, but I think that we've got to formulate a theory, quite coherently explaining the mechanics of the attachment ... The theory gained tricky name - Point Inner morality, but if you still read to the end - I want to believe that you understand what I discussed.


09.23.13 Moscow-Novosibirsk-Vladivostok, Petropavlovsk

P.S. If after reading this text reference will be recognized digestible and worthy of reading, I would like to dedicate it to Lesha Bolotov - a man close to me in spirit, with which we began to discuss the psychology of mountaineering. But it is not finished. Lesha was killed while attempting to climb Everest. Honest man - pure death.

Why do people go to the mountains